Surrogacy Law in Arkansas
Arkansas Surrogacy Law: Types of Surrogacy
In Arkansas, the law is highly favorable toward gestational surrogacy. Arkansas’ statute on surrogacy does not specifically cover gestational surrogacy but it is allowed in Arkansas and practiced on a regular basis. (Arkansas Code§ 9-10-201) Arkansas has no case law on gestational surrogacy.
Similarly, traditional (genetic) surrogacy in Arkansas is permitted and Arkansas Code §9-10-201 and 202 address traditional surrogacy; no case law in Arkansas prohibits traditional surrogacy.
Are There Surrogate Requirements in Arkansas?
No specific legal requirements exist to serve as a gestational surrogate in the state of Arkansas.
Does Arkansas Surrogacy Law Allow for Pre-Birth Orders?
Parentage Orders: Pre-birth orders are frequently granted.
For pre-birth orders, the conditions under which intended parents can be declared legal parents if at least one parent is genetically related to the child are listed below:
Married heterosexual couples, using their own egg and own sperm
Married heterosexual couples, using an egg or sperm donor
Married same sex couples
Single parent using own egg or sperm
For pre-birth orders, the conditions under which intended parents can be declared legal parents if neither parent is genetically related to the child are listed below:
Married heterosexual couples
Married same sex couples
Whose names go on the birth certificate in Arkansas?
Same-sex parents are named on birth certificates as “parent and parent.”
An international same-sex male couple can obtain an initial birth certificate naming the biological father and the gestational surrogate as parents. This first birth certificate will always name the gestational surrogate but can be amended to remove her name with a pre birth or post birth order. In this instance, the second father would have to obtain a second parent adoption out of state if the couple is not married; Arkansas would then amend and reissue a birth certificate with the two fathers named. This cannot be circumvented solely on the basis of a child’s birth in Arkansas.
Surrogacy Conditions for Same-Sex Couples in Arkansas
Same sex couples are treated the same as heterosexual couples.
Are There Options for Unmarried Intended Parents in the state of Arkansas?
The biological parent if only one of them is biologically related would go on the birth certificate and they would have to do a second parent adoption. Arkansas does not have a method of doing second parent adoptions for unmarried couples. If both are biologically related they could seek a finding of paternity and maternity (with heterosexual couples) and be declared joint custodians.
Egg Donation Law
There is no legal precedent in Arkansas that clearly defines the rights to donated eggs or sperm involved in a surrogacy arrangement.