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Types of Surrogacy: Understanding the Differences

If you’re exploring surrogacy options for family planning, you’ll quickly realize that understanding the different types of surrogacy is crucial. Assisted reproductive technology has advanced significantly, offering multiple pathways for intended parents. This blog post delves into the various surrogacy options available, addressing key factors such as legal implications, ethical considerations, and costs. Whether you’re an intended parent or interested in becoming a surrogate, read on for a detailed guide to make the best choice for your family.

Traditional Surrogacy: What Intended Parents Need to Know


In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother has a biological connection to the child. Her eggs are fertilized with the intended father’s sperm through artificial insemination, a method of infertility treatment.

Legal Implications

Traditional surrogacy comes with legal complexities because the surrogate is the biological mother. Parental rights must be transferred through legal channels, making a surrogacy attorney indispensable.

Ethical Considerations

The potential for emotional attachment is an issue that requires clear legal agreements and psychological counseling for both parties involved.

Gestational Surrogacy: The Go-To Option for Many Intended Parents


Gestational surrogacy is increasingly the preferred option for intended parents, thanks to advances in in vitro fertilization (IVF). In this type, the surrogate has no genetic link to the baby, alleviating some emotional and legal challenges.

Legal Implications

Since the intended parents are biologically related to the child from the start, gestational surrogacy often involves fewer legal complications, which is especially advantageous for LGBTQ+ couples and those facing infertility issues.

Ethical Considerations

As the surrogate mother is not biologically related to the child, gestational surrogacy is generally seen as ethically less complicated.

Altruistic vs. Commercial Surrogacy: Weighing the Costs and Compensation

Altruistic Surrogacy

In altruistic surrogacy, usually a family member or close friend serves as the surrogate and receives no financial gain, reducing the overall cost.

Commercial Surrogacy

Commercial surrogacy involves financial compensation for the surrogate, beyond medical expenses. Laws on this type vary by state and country, so it’s crucial to seek legal advice.

International Surrogacy: Navigating Global Options


For those considering surrogacy outside their home country, international surrogacy presents more choices but also additional challenges, such as legal complications and cultural differences.

Legal Implications

Cross-border surrogacy adds layers of legal complexity due to varying laws from country to country. A knowledgeable international surrogacy agency is often crucial.

Ethical Considerations

Issues such as the potential exploitation of surrogates in less-regulated countries require due diligence. Always opt for reputable surrogacy centers with ethical practices.


Choosing the right type of surrogacy demands careful consideration of various factors, including your budget, the legal landscape, and your comfort level with ethical implications. Consultation with surrogacy experts, like agencies and lawyers specializing in family law, is strongly recommended for a smooth journey.

Understanding the different types of surrogacy is your first step towards making an informed choice for your family. For further guidance and resources, feel free to contact us. We are here to help you navigate the complex yet rewarding world of surrogacy and assisted reproductive technologies. 

Want to learn more? Get in touch with our team.

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Eloise Drane
Eloise Drane, Founder

"I believe that we are all placed on this earth for a purpose. Each one of us has a specific calling in this world and although it is different for everyone, we are here to serve one another. My purpose is to help women who wish to become surrogates and egg donors and the hopeful parents who wish to partner with them. I feel very lucky to be living my purpose."